What Etiquette Tips Should You Follow While Exploring Egypt?

Traveling to Egypt offers a unique blend of ancient history, vibrant culture, and stunning landscapes. To fully enjoy and respect this beautiful country, it’s essential to understand and adhere to local customs and traditions. Here, we’ll delve into the nuances of cultural etiquette in Egypt, covering dress codes, greetings, religious sensitivities, and social behaviors. Whether you’re planning a visit through Egypt vacation packages 2024 or exploring independently, these insights will help you navigate Egyptian society with respect and ease.

Respecting Local Customs

Understanding Dress Codes

Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country, and modesty in dress is highly valued, especially in rural areas and religious sites. While cities like Cairo and tourist areas near the Red Sea are more relaxed, it’s still advisable to dress conservatively to show respect for the local culture and avoid unwanted attention.

For Women:

  • Clothing: Wear long skirts or pants and tops with sleeves. Avoid tight or revealing clothing such as low-cut tops, short skirts, or sleeveless shirts.
  • Headscarves: Not required, but carrying one can be useful for visiting mosques.
  • Swimwear: Acceptable at resorts, but cover up when walking through hotel lobbies or other public areas.

For Men:

  • Clothing: Long pants and short- or long-sleeved shirts are suitable. Shorts and sleeveless tops are less common and often considered inappropriate outside of tourist areas.
  • Beachwear: Similar to women, swimwear is fine at resorts but cover up elsewhere.

When booking your Egypt adventure, consider including modest clothing options suitable for cultural visits and local interactions. Dressing appropriately not only shows respect but can also enhance your overall travel experience by allowing you to blend in more seamlessly with the local population.

Greetings and Behaviors

Greetings in Egypt are warm and often involve physical contact. Understanding these customs can help you make a positive impression and connect more deeply with the people you meet.

Common Greetings:

  • Handshakes: Standard among men; a light touch is often used. For women, it depends on the context—wait for the woman to extend her hand first.
  • Kisses: Friends and family may kiss on the cheeks. This is usually reserved for the same gender.
  • Verbal Greetings: The most common verbal greeting is “As-salamu alaykum” (peace be upon you), with the response being “Wa alaykum as-salam” (and peace be upon you too). This greeting is widely used and appreciated.

Behavioral Etiquette:

  • Right Hand: Use your right hand for eating, giving, and receiving items. The left hand is considered unclean.
  • Personal Space: Egyptians may stand close when conversing. This is a sign of friendliness and interest.
  • Gestures: Pointing at people and showing the soles of your feet are considered rude.

Religious Sensitivities

Respect Around Mosques

Islam plays a central role in Egyptian life, and mosques are important places of worship. Respecting these spaces is crucial for anyone visiting Egypt.

Visiting Mosques:

  • Dress Appropriately: When visiting mosques, it is important to dress appropriately. Both men and women should dress modestly, with women potentially needing to cover their heads with a scarf. Ensure your clothing covers your arms and legs.
  • Shoes: Remove your shoes before entering. Many mosques provide plastic bags for carrying them.
  • Quiet and Respectful: Speak softly and avoid loud conversations or disruptive behavior.

During Prayer Times

The call to prayer, or adhan, occurs five times a day. While life continues during these times, there are certain considerations to keep in mind.

Behavior During Adhan:

  • Respectful Silence: When the call to prayer is heard, it’s respectful to remain silent or speak quietly.
  • Public Spaces: In some areas, people may pray in public spaces like shops or parks. Avoid walking in front of those praying.
  • Tourist Sites: Many tourist sites remain open during prayer times, but it’s important to be mindful of those observing their prayers. If you’re at a site where people are praying, maintain a respectful distance and avoid any behavior that could be seen as disrespectful.

Social Etiquette


Egyptians are known for their hospitality, and understanding the nuances of social interactions can enhance your travel experience.

Invitations and Hosting: If you are invited to a local’s home, it is polite to bring a small gift, such as sweets or flowers. When entering a home, remove your shoes at the entrance if it is customary in the household. Accepting offers of food and drink is important, as declining can be considered rude. Always use your right hand to eat and drink.

Tipping (Baksheesh)

Tipping, or baksheesh, is a common practice in Egypt and is expected in various situations. It is a way of showing appreciation for services rendered and is a significant part of the local economy.

  • Who to Tip: Tip service workers such as waitstaff, hotel staff, and tour guides. A small tip is also appreciated for restroom attendants and minor services like bag handling.
  • How Much: Typically, tip around 10-15% in restaurants. For minor services, a few Egyptian pounds are sufficient. For tour guides, a tip of 50-100 EGP is common, depending on the service provided.

Bargaining in Markets

Bargaining is a cultural norm in Egyptian markets, or souks, and engaging in friendly haggling is both expected and respected.

Negotiation Process: Vendors often start with a high price, so offer a counter-price that’s significantly lower. Enjoy the social interaction that comes with negotiation, as it’s considered a part of the experience. Aim to settle on a price that feels fair to both parties.


Understanding and respecting the cultural etiquette and traditions in Egypt can significantly enhance your travel experience. From dressing modestly and practicing appropriate greetings to respecting religious customs and engaging in social norms, these practices will help you connect with the local culture authentically.